Presentation Overview The Literature Review: TheCohort studies Usually undertaken to obtain additional evidence to refute or support the existence of an association between suspected cause and disease Other names Incidence study Forward looking study Longitudinal study Prospective study.Selection of controls Crucial step in case-control studies Controls must be Be similar to the cases except for the absence of the disease under study Equal ratio Sources of controls Hospitals:diff illness Relatives Neighborhood controls General population.Title: Introduction to Research: Scientific Method, Identifying Hypotheses Author: Thomas J.
To find out the truth which is hidden and which has not been discovered yet.Exploring, Interrogating, and Transforming. the Interconnections of Epistemology, Methodology, and Method. S. harlene. n. agy. h. eSSe.
Evaluation Methodology - University of Idaho
Scientific method is a systematic body of procedures and techniques applied in carrying out investigation or experimentation targeted at obtaining new knowledge.
Research Methods - Carnegie Mellon UniversityInappropriate when the disease or exposure under investigation is rare.Approach and Methodology. provide a firm foundation to the selection of research methodology,. literature review combined with the definition of process.Classification of study types-ADA(1970) typeI: complete examination typeII: limited examination Type III: inspection Type IV:screeningprocedures:tongue depressor d) Analysing the data e)Drawing the conclusion f) Publishing the reports.Case control studies Design of a case-control study Time Direction of enquiry Exposed Cases Population Not Exposed Exposed Controls Not Exposed.
Descriptive Research - Research MethodologyIntroduction Investigation using scientific procedures, by searching again and again to find out the truth Research is the continual search for truth using the scientific method.
Research and Methodology - University of Hawaii at Manoa
PowerPoint Presentation - Qualitative ResearchA research design will typically include how data is to be collected,.
In case of legal incompetence informed consent should be obtained from the legal guardian in accordance with the existing legislation.Experimental studies Randomised controlled trials Non-randomized trials Randomised controlled trials: Involves some action,intervention or manipulation such as deliberate application or withdrawl of suspected cause.
Into to Research Methodology
Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: Glossary
Research Ethics-revised 2009At least a third of the papers discuss some aspect of case study methodology.Ethical approval Pilot work Main study Analysis of results Report writing publication.It is a key parameter in the analysis of case control studies.
They fall into 3 groups Those concerned with collection of data Those statistical techniques which are used for establishing relationship between the data and the unknown Those methods which are used to evaluate the accuracy of the results obtained.This might be obvious, but the word methodology is related to the word method.
Experimental studies Study of epidemics among colonies of experimental animals such as rats and mice.The higher the proportion lost (say beyond 10-15%) the more serious the potential bias.